Dams in Japan: Past, Present and Future

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The total area was Sakuma is the location of the Sakuma Dam, an important hydroelectric power plant, and a frequency converter station that permits exchange of power between Japan's two different power systems. Japan's grids are also connected by two other stations, located at Higashi-Shimizu and Shin Shinano. This page is a list of power stations in Japan that are publicly or privately owned. The Tomari Nuclear Power Plant. Its population density of 37 people per square kilometer is very low.

The ward had a population of 34, and an area of It heavily forested, contributing to forestry, which is one of the principal industries of Hamamatsu.

Past, Present and Future, 1st Edition

The line has 61 tunnels and 51 bridges along its Railway operations were spun out of Chubu Electric into a s. Lines Mukaichiba Station is served by the Iida Line and is Station layout The station has one ground-level side platform serving a single bi-directional track. There is no station building. The station is not attended.

Dams in Japan: Past, Present and Future - CRC Press Book

Along with its division and privatization of JNR on April 1, , the station came under the control and operation of the Centr. Lines Kowada Station is served by the Iida Line and is Station layout The station has one ground-level side platform serving a single bi-directional track, with a small wooden station building. Until , the station had dual opposed side platforms, but one platform has since been discontinued.

On August 1, , the Sanshin Railway was nationalized along with several other local lines to form the Iida line.


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All freight services were discontinued i. Station layout The station has one ground-level island platform connected to the station building by a level crossing.

Dams in Shizuoka Prefecture

The station is attended. On August 1, , the Sanshin Railway was nationalized along with several othe. We aim to stop banks from financing harmful business activities and promote a banking sector that contributes to just societies and a healthy planet. About BankTrack.

How Japan’s Economy Is Destroying Its Youth

The construction and operation of the MW Buon Kuop hydropower project on the Srepok River in the Central Highlands of Vietnam has caused large-scale environment, social and economic impacts to downstream communities in Cambodia since mid There are approximately villages located within the Cambodian section of the Srepok River basin. The majority of the villagers living along the river are ethnic minorities, including Punong, Jarai, Tampuon, Brao, Krueng, Thmon and Kraol ethnicities. The river's rich and complex ecosystem is directly connected to the region's fisheries, food security, culture, and people's principle source of livelihood, which is based on fisheries and agriculture.

This project threatens to undermine the productivity of livelihoods along the Srepok River and the Cambodian government's efforts to alleviate poverty and develop the country in a sustainable manner. However, this information is false as the project was commissioned in By , the Vietnam News Agency had reported: "since the project's inception, progress at the site has included construction of the dam, the spillway and the waterway systems and the power-station itself.

According to the above mentioned reasons, the Buon Kuop project's request for CDM credits should be rejected by the CDM validator and the Executive Board on the basis of lacking adequate stakeholder consultation, its non-additionality, and most importantly because the dam can not be considered to be contributing to the region's sustainable development or the objectives of the Kyoto Protocol.

Hayachine Dam

This is an already completed, operational, standard, non-additional hydroelectric project. The Srepok community representatives have requested compensation for past, present and future harms, a working notification system, for donors to stop funding dam project's that lack people's participation, and a halt to hydropower development on the Srepok River. In a Srepok Community Statement dated January 12, , which was presented to EVN and other relevant stakeholders, the community representatives stated:.

The construction and operation of the project has resulted in communities living downstream in Cambodia to suffer severe impacts since mid One independent survey, and associated media release of affected communities during August revealed, families in 14 villages along the Srepok River in Cheay O'dam Commune, Ratanakiri Province were seriously affected by water releases from BKHP which resulted in 1, hectares of inundated rice fields, 1, hectares of damaged rice fields, and the drowning of 10 buffalos, 79 pigs, and hundreds of poultry.

By changing the natural state of the river system through the alternation of its natural flood pulse, the river flow is no longer natural and is a source of floods, water surges and dry-ups. In addition, the water quality has deteriorated causing an increase in water-borne illness and disease and fisheries have declined due to the blocking of a crucial fish migration route and a loss of spawning habitat.

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Downstream affected communities in Cambodia's northeastern provinces were not properly informed and consulted regarding the planning, construction or operation of the Buon Kuop dam, its Environmental Impact Assessment nor its plans to develop this project as a CDM project. At the workshop, the Government of Vietnam and EVN acknowledged the devastating impacts Vietnamese dams have caused on Cambodians on the neighboring transboundary Sesan River and made several commitments to Srepok villagers including to adhere to international standards on sustainable development and mutual benefit, to listen to stockholder's opinions, and to achieve maximum mitigation of adverse impacts.

The Srepok community representatives have requested compensation for past, present and future harms, a working notification system, for donors to stop funding dam project's that lack people's participation and a halt to hydropower development on the Srepok River. Despite these community requests and EVN's commitments, Vietnam has continued to ignore the opposition of affected communities to the Buon Kuop dam and have yet to materialize on any of its earlier promises.

The World Commission on Dams found that women and ethnic minorities are disproportionately affected by dam projects. As women are often responsible for ensuring the sustainable livelihoods of their families, impacts on these livelihoods through destruction of fisheries, flooding of agricultural land and forests, and displacement often result in women bearing a disproportionate share of the costs.

It is women who are often left with the burden of caring for their families, finding alternative land and water sources and alternative livelihoods when these are taken away through the development of destructive dam projects. Research carried out on the neighbouring Sesan River documented that while downstream impacts had been serious for both men and women, it was largely believed that women had been affected more by the changes that have taken place compared to men.


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  • Women reportedly used to spend a lot of time in harvesting resources from the river and were also responsible for riverbank gardening and gold panning. Now that the Sesan dams have disrupted these activities, ethnic women feel they have lost much of their independence, and they must rely on men to supply them with fish and hunt more than before.

    They also have become very fearful for their children and going down to the edge of the river, and must spend more time and energy collecting water from shallow wells located further from the river and must expend more labour digging up wild potatoes and cassava due to rice shortages.

    Additionally ethnic minority women are less likely to speak Khmer language, so when officials hold meetings in their villages, they are largely unable to participate. Project liabilities include: claims for compensation due to unnatural flood releases, and damages and full project costs have not been assessed within the EIA reports.

    5.1. Present conditions

    Project proponents have argued for instance in the Buon Kuop PDD that the region does not provide sufficient renewable resources except for water resources and that Vietnam does not have experience at the scale of the proposed project activity with other renewable sources. However, this assertion is untrue and ignores the historical prioritization for old energy technologies that Vietnam has given to hydropower and other unsustainable energy options.

    Hydropower development on the Srepok River has been in the pipelines since the 's at latest with the Mekong Committee's the precursor of the Mekong River Commission report, which identified twelve hydropower projects and twelve irrigation projects in the Srepok River. While dams have remained in the spotlight of Vietnam's energy plans, newer forms of renewable technologies that are more sustainable have been increasingly prioritized.

    According to recent news sources, EVN has called for investing in hydroelectric and thermal plants, improving generation at existing plants, and upgrading transmission lines as a way to overcome the country's energy shortages. In addition, wind power plants and other forms of sustainable renewable energy options have been increasingly prioritized in Vietnam.

    Date and reasons unknown. The project began partial operation on March 29, and full operation on September 28, In , credit agreements worth USD Follow us:.