The Political Economy of Corruption (Routledge Contemporary Economic Policy Issues)

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This indicator counts the number of citations received by documents from a journal and divides them by the total number of documents published in that journal. The chart shows the evolution of the average number of times documents published in a journal in the past two, three and four years have been cited in the current year.

Evolution of the total number of citations and journal's self-citations received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. Journal Self-citation is defined as the number of citation from a journal citing article to articles published by the same journal. Evolution of the number of total citation per document and external citation per document i.

International Collaboration accounts for the articles that have been produced by researchers from several countries. The chart shows the ratio of a journal's documents signed by researchers from more than one country; that is including more than one country address.

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Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research research articles, conference papers and reviews in three year windows vs. Tevie et al. Ben Kheder and Zugravu Some evidence for PHH: manufacturing French firms locate preferably in countries with less stringent environmental policy, provided that regulation is not more lenient than an accepted level ensuring wealthy business environment.

Kim and Adilov Lan et al. Manderson and Kneller No evidence for PHH, rather other factors such as the availability of scientists and engineers as well as infrastructure differently influences the investment decisions of high vs. Kleemann and Abdulai Modest support for the PHH: trade is beneficial to sustainable development for rich countries but harmful to poor ones.

Lin and Liscow EKC exists for seven out of eleven water pollutants. Political institutions have a significant effect on environmental degradation for five out of eleven water pollutants. Spilker Du et al. Aklin Li et al. Trade has a significantly detrimental effect on air quality in developed and less-developed countries.

You et al. Trade openness. Democracy is positively associated with emissions for the least emissions individuals or countries , while the relationship is negative for the most emissions countries. Prakash and Potoski Dasgupta et al. Aklin adoption firm survey data and use of plant personnel for environmental inspection. Stafford While other factors, such as energy costs, are more important, environmental policy can explain parts of location decisions. States that spend more resources to enforce environmental regulations see fewer waste management firms.

Christmann and Taylor Support for race to the top: Exports to developed countries increase self-regulation of environmental performance. Prakash and Potoski b.

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Andonova et al. De jure domestic regulatory stringency: number of treaties to which a country is a member of de facto environmental regulations: SO 2 and BOD; Conditional effects for veto players. Bernauer et al.

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Spilker and Koubi Bechtel et al. Jorgenson and Givens Economic globalization as measured by exports as percent of total GDP lessens the likelihood of environmental concern, whereas percent exports to high-income countries increases the likelihood of individuals expressing concern for the environment. Bernauer and Nguyen Despite low-income levels individuals in all three countries care about environmental implications of trade.

Hao Economic globalization as measured by exports as percent of GDP has a negative effect on environmental concern but other measures of globalization have a more mixed impact. Spilker et al. Individual-level preferences with regard to partner countries in and with regard to content of preferential trade agreements. Environmental standards in partner countries or environmental standards in trade agreements respectively. Individuals in all three countries prefer trade partners with higher environmental standards as well as trade agreements that include strong environmental standards.

If not otherwise specified trade openness is measured as the sum of imports and exports divided by GDP. Further research could focus on several issues. First, the existing literature is somewhat stronger with respect to the economic mechanisms connecting economic openness and environmental protection than with respect to political mechanisms. In particular, it would be worthwhile to explore in greater detail the implications of international organizations, formal and informal international political networks, as well as international policy diffusion for domestic-level environmental protection and environmental quality.

Second, much more research at the firm and plant level is needed, notably in view of the fact that the proportion of international trade that is intrafirm trade has increased very strongly.

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Such research should be systematically linked to a consumption-based approach to measuring and explaining environmentally damaging human activity. Finally, on the presumption that public opinion is an important driver of policy, there is a need for more research on how citizens relate various facets of globalization with environmental quality, and what conclusions they draw from this with respect to their preferences for particular economic and environmental policies.

Aklin, M. Re-exploring the trade and environment nexus through the diffusion of pollution. Environmental and Resource Economics , 64 4 , — Find this resource:. Ambec, S. Can environmental regulations be good for business? An assessment of the Porter hypothesis. Energy Studies Review , 14 2 , 42— Andonova, L. International trade and environmental policy in the post-communist world. Comparative Political Studies , 40 7 , — Antweiler, W.

Is free trade good for the environment? The American Economic Review , 91 4 , — Araya, M. Environmental benefits of foreign direct investment: A literature review. Paris: OECD.

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Azomahou, T. Economic development and CO2 emissions: A nonparametric panel approach. Journal of Public Economics , 90 6—7 , — Baker, A. Why is trade reform so popular in Latin America? A consumption-based theory of trade. World Politics , 55 3 , — Who wants to globalize? Consumer tastes and labor markets in a theory of trade policy beliefs.

American Journal of Political Science , 49 4 , — Barbier, E. Links between economic liberalization and rural resource degradation in developing regions. Agricultural Economics , 23 , — The economics of tropical deforestation. Journal of Economic Survey , 15 3 , — Barrett, S. Trade and environment: Local versus multilateral reforms. Environment and Development Economics , 5 , — Freedom, growth, and the environment. Environment and Development Economics , 5 4 , — National institutions and global public goods: Are democracies more cooperative in climate change policy?

International Organization , 63 2 , — Beaulieu, E. Factor or industry cleavages in trade policy? An empirical analysis of the Stolper—Samuelson Theorem. Bechtel, M. The green side of protectionism: Environmental concerns and three facets of trade policy preferences. Review of International Political Economy , 19 5 , — Ben Kheder, S. Environmental regulation and French firms location abroad: An economic geography model in an international comparative study.

Ecological Economics , 77 C , 48— Bernauer, T. Genes, trade, and regulation: The seeds of conflict in food biotechnology. In whose interest? Pressure group politics, economic competition and environmental regulation.

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Journal of Public Policy , 24 1 , 99— A comparison of international and domestic sources of global governance dynamics. British Journal of Political Science , 40 3 , — Effects of political institutions on air quality. Ecological Economics , 68 5 , — Is there an environmental version of the Kantian peace? Insights from water pollution in Europe. European Journal of International Relations , 20 10 , 1— Global Environmental Politics , 15 4 , — Politische Vierteljahresschrift , 39 , — Birdshall, N.

Trade policy and industrial pollution in Latin America: Where are the pollution havens? Blackman, A. Energy Policy , 27 12 , — Brechin, S. Objective problems, subjective values, and global environmentalism: Evaluating the postmaterialist argument and challenging a new explanation. Social Science Quarterly , 80 4 , — Bruvoll, A. Factors behind the Environmental Kuznets Curve: A decomposition of the changes in air pollution. Cao, X.